The History of Ireland’s/Scotland’s Rebellion against British Government


As the beginning, it is important to inform that the inhabitants of Scotland is Protestant and Ireland is Catholic. Most of the rebellions was happened  because of the different religions belief, The English at that time indeed prosecute people to follow the Anglican Church. It is not surprising that the Irish grew angry with English bullying, and frequently rose in rebellion. There were major revolts in 1569, 1571, 1576 and 1579.  Hugh O’Neill, the Earl of Tyrone the supporter of Catholic Europe who has a strong politic power in the stage of Europe. In 1597 came the inevitable English backlash with major campaigns’ against Ulster, but a year later, at the Yellow Ford on the Backwater River, Hugh Maguire led the Irish cavalry in a stunning victory against the English. With this rout the Rebellion caught fire throughout Ireland (Rebellion and the Nine Years War, p.95). O’Neill  supported the Ireland rebellion. The English army took its revenge by attacking and killing the inhabitants of Drogheda and Wexford. At that time many Irish dead in English’s army hands. The end of all rebellion and the Ulster Gaeleic was on Christmas Eve 1601. O’Neill surrendered to the English at Mellifont in March,1603.  For the first time, England ruled the whole of Ireland. From the August 1649 Oliver Cromwell seized Ireland.

Charles I was the king of Scotland and also the king of England. Charles I was forcing the Scots to accept a new prayer book which is used in the Church of England. The Scots was getting angry to the King and making a declaration called the National Covenant. The king decided to against the rebellious of Scotland.

Early in 1651, Charles was crowned Charles II of Scotland at Scone Castle. Following his coronation as king of the Scots, Charles II raised a Scottish army and invaded England.he was gathering the army to fight the Cromwell, but his army was defeated at Wonchester in September 1651. Charles II barely escaped with his life and he was hunted by the roundheds for 40 days before he managed to escaped to France and safety. When the relationship of England and France getting well, Charless II move to the another place, he had became exile for 15 years and was returning to the Kingdom after Richard Cromwell was not capable of running the Country.

The terms of restoration were worked out between 1660 and 1662. The New Model Army was disbanded and sent home.     Both Scotland and Ireland were now unwillingly part of a United Britain under the leadership of Cromwell.

References :

Barber, Nicola and andy Langley. 1999. British History Encyclopedia. Spain : Parragon

_________.Civil war and revolution. online

_______.  Rebellion and the nine years war. online




Diaspora is one term in Postcolonial Theory. Diaspora means the voluntary or enforced migration of peoples from their native homelands.  Diaspora literature is often concerned with questions of maintaining or altering identity, language, and culture while in another culture or country.

The settlers from mainland Europe continued to flow into the British Isles, there was greater contact between Britain and the Continent. About 500 BC, the new kind of culture was spreading across lowland Britain called Celts. The Celtic tribes probably came from central Europe and moved outwards into parts of Italy, France and Spain as well as Britain. This tribes slowly developed into a larger tribes and ruled by a King or Queen. In other words for many year the Celtic tribe civilization was developed. The Celtic language had been spoken at length.

Back to England In 1066, to the Norman conquest. In this reign era  the development of English language started. Norman was giving land to the knights in the existing Celtic territory . English language has been exist and used for communication at that time. But by interaction for lengt years between people, the language itself developed by the people. There are so many people from different origin causing the  pronounciation of a word or phoneme were different. This process was happened in every interaction whether political interaction or economic. The combined ethno-linguistic and political implications of such circumstances help to explain the accelerated spread of the English language overseas (Christina Julios. 2008, 24).  From Contemporary British Identity, Christina Julios explained the spread of the language,

As a language, English is constantly evolving, and in this evolutionary process its contact with other tongues has been an important driving force for change. Throughout its remarkable history, the English language has always borrowed freely: firstly, from Celtic and Latin, later from Scandinavian and Norman French, and subsequently from the various languages spoken in the many British colonies. This extraordinary ability to absorb and incorporate different linguistic influences undoubtedly contributed to the rapid spread of English during Britain’s colonisation period.


Celtic is a strong tribe, developed, and well-organized so they could giving influence to the others. As we know the strongest always have the big control of things, so they also did the same. Nowadays the impact of celt diaspora can clearly see in the English words. The words are the combination of Italy, France and Spain.


References :

Julios, Christina. 2008. Contemporary British Identity English Language, Migrants and Public Discourse. USA: ashgate

Barber, Nicola and Andy Langley. 1999. British History Encyclopedia. Spain : Parragon

Key terms in Post Colonia Theory







The Cultural Effects of Christening the Native-Americans

In 1620 one hundred Puritans boarded the ‘Mayflower’ship bound for the New World, carried 102 passengers from England. They belonged to a group of English Protestants called Puritans who disagreed with many of the practices of the Church of England. They explored the new teritory for starting a new live far from the England rules. And for many centuries this people give the cultural effects such as: The protestant heritage which is contains the important values in life and celebrations such as: Thanksgiving day and Halloween days.

Protestantism has been a powerful force in shaping the values and beliefs in Americans. These values include of self improvement. The protestant believe that the sinners do not need the forgiveness from Priest, what they need are to improve themselves and ask for God’s guidance, forgiveness, and grace. Protestanism has traditionally encouraged a strong and restless desire for self-improvement.

The life styles of Puritans influence the Native American live: the material success, hard work and self discipline. The material success here means that if people who were blessed by God might be recognized in the world by the material success. The loyalty to The God came first then the blessed from God later. However the Puritan never encouraged the idea of gaining wealth without hard work and self-discipline. Many scholar believe that the emphasis on these two values make an important contribution to the industrial growth of the United States. They also believed that the hard work and self discipline was the holy characteristic blessed by God. Those are the life styles of puritan which has had influence many group in The United States.

Volunteerism and Humanitarianism are the ideas from Puritan to improving oneself by helping others. The motive of volunteerism and humanitarianism are strong: the Americans believe that they should devote part of their time and wealth to religious or humanitarian causes in order to be acceptable in the eyes of God and in the eyes of other Americans.

Giving thank to God had always been a part of the Puritans. They were giving thanks for the successful harvest, for God blessed and for the fortune. Giving thanks always the primary reason for the celebration. As we know that Puritans came from The England, in England itself the celebration were rewarded for a bountiful harvest after a year of sickness and scarcity, the Pilgrims gave thanks to God and celebrated His bounty in the Harvest Home tradition with feasting and sport (recreation).

There is still controversial and many assessment about the history of Halloween celebration. But from all about the assessment, the interesting one is about the date related to the religions belief. Literally, it is the eve of All Saints ’ Day, November 1 in the calendar of the Roman Catholic Church. In the evening of October 31, the Christian feast the following day. The meaning of Halloween itself is: Halloween as a rite of seasonal passage and as a rite of passage of the life cycle.
However, Puritans have been giving the various values, beliefs and culture for America society until this day.

The First Step to American Studies compiled by Sri Herminingrum
______. (2003-2014) ThanksgivingHistory
______. (2006). The Pilgrim Father.
British History Encyclopedia

Elizabeth I’s Efforts to Solve the Problem of Religious Intolerance in England at That Time

Elizabeth should make a careful decision in that time; Elizabeth tried to control the religion’s hard-liners to minimize the conflict. Another reason for treading carefully was because every decision could ignite the war between countries. Protestant leaders in northern Germany expected Elizabeth to take up the cause of the Protestants. In other hand, Elizabeth was also very aware that two very powerful Catholic states (Frances and Spain) were waiting for the Queen’s decision. Every decisions that Elizabeth did at that time will be causing the angger of the Protestant believer and Catholic believer. The final religious settlement recognized royal supremacy within the church. The Act of Supremacy made Elizabeth Supreme Governor of the Church and church officials were required to take an oath of obedience to Elizabeth. This supreme made the position of Queen Elizabeth was very strong.

In 1559, Elizabeth framed new religious laws with the help of her chief minister, William Cecil. This known as the religious settlement of England then establishing England as a Protestant Country. The church and priest had to use the English Prayer Book and Queen Elizabeth also remove all the superstition in the church:

  • That the minister in a parish church faced the congregation when he read the Common Prayer and gave divine service.
  • That during baptism, a minister should dispense with the making of the cross on a child’s forehead as this was mere superstition.
  • That those who were unable to kneel during communion should not have to do so if they were aged or sick.
  • No minister should wear anything other than a plain surplice during a service.

The protestant became popular in England whereas Catholics became minority.  As the Supreme of Governor of the Church, Elizabeth gave tolerant to every religion in England as long as not out of the rules. Elizabeth practiced religious clemency and tolerance, which was an attempt to harmony the state of affairs between the Roman Catholics and the Church of England.

The Protestant, The Catholic or The Puritans (the radical protestant) have their own church and no one have right to disturb any religions and belief.


British History Encyclopedia

Memahami Beasiswa AAS Bagi Orang Biasa

a madeandi's life

Catatan: Tulisan ini adalah modifikasi dari salah satu bab dari buku saya “Berguru ke Negeri Kangguru” [Beli di sini].

Suatu hari saya mendapat email dari seseorang perihal beasiswa Australia Awards Scholarship (AAS) – dulu Australian Development Scholarship atau ADS. Dia adalah satu dari sekian banyak yang berkirim email untuk perihal yang sama. Saya merasa terkejut, meskipun rasanya saya sudah menulis cukup banyak tentang beasiswa AAS di blog saya, pengirim email ini “tidak tahu harus mulai dari mana”. Kalimat ini saya kutip langsung dari email-nya. Saya menduga bahwa kawan kita ini tidak sendirian mengalami kebingungan seperti itu. Maka, saya menulis dan memperbarui artikel ini khusus dipersembahkan bagi mereka yang ingin mendaftar beasiswa AAS tetapi “tidak tahu harus mulai dari mana”.

View original post 2,262 more words


By: Krisnawati Sigiro, student of Brawijaya University of Indonesia

Popular culture is always defined, implicitly or explicitly, in contrast to other conceptual categories: folk culture, mass culture, dominant culture, working-class culture, etc (John Storey, 2001, p.1).  Watching television is one of popular culture in all over the world without limiting the ages and classes. Mass media have a big power to spread any information include news, entertainments’, and advertisements by watching television or read the newspaper, magazine and website. As people watching the television, advertisement always appear in television to promote either persuade people to buy products. The popular advertisement that the writer want to criticism is about Magnum Advertisement. Advertisements in Television which are contain the audio, visual, and also aim. The cultural text here are images, sounds, objects and practices are sign systems, which signify with the same mechanism as a language.

The History: Launched in 1989, MAGNUM was the first handheld ice cream targeted as a premium adult offering. Today, MAGNUM is one of the world’s leading ice cream brands, selling one billion units annually worldwide, and it is the biggest brand of Unilever ice creams. Unilever is one of the world’s leading suppliers of Food, Home and Personal Care products with sales in over 190 countries (

In the television advertisement, Magnum introducing the director of their product is Bryan Singer : the famous director who produced the famous movies such as Usual Suspects Movie, X-Men and Valkyrie movie.

"Avatar" Los Angeles Premiere - Arrivals

The actress in this advertisement is the popular actress named Caroline Correa.Magnum-Gold-Caroline-Correa

Using the famous actors: academy award winneractor Benicio Del Toro. Magnum-benicio

The Scene in this advertisement show the high quality of movie. The actors did the dangerous
scene, like in the heroic movie to find the gold (gold ice cream).action

The slogan “as good as gold” giving the luxurious meaning such

“This ice cream will be giving the deluxe experience of ice cream taste”. magnum 1

Zooming the Ingredients’, its texture and tell the Ingredients are: the Madagascar caramel
with deep gold chocolate.blogmagnum

Simply, eating ice cream means when people eat some ice (every kind of ice cream and enjoyed it when they like the tastes) but this statement change the paradigm of people by the Magnum ad content . It is proved that cultural practices are commodified by large corporate culture industries. Since large corporate is the producer of this, the capitalism always exist into this.  In this context cultural study has been partisan in taking up the cause of change (BarkerChris, 2011).

What people think when looked at the magnificent advertisement are (based on the writer as a consumer) :

  • From its advertisement content, people judge Magnum as a luxurious ice cream

Idealism is one of key terms in mass media means that the media have a power to influence society by the technology effect ( McQuail, 1983). As explained above, the content of Magnum create with the highest effect by the producers and the actress.  The director of their product are : the famous director from famous movie such as Usual Suspects Movie, X-Men and Valkyrie movie. The actress in this advertisement is the popular actress named Caroline Correa. Also the actor is the famous actor, the award winner  actor Benicio Del Toro. As a famous actress the producer though to giving impression that their product are the best ice cream which consume by the popular people. Popular people identical with the luxurious things, include their food. Magnum as a luxurious ice cream will appear in people mind when looked at the advertisement. This thought spread by the television to the consumer quickly

  • The ice cream for middle-up class social class.

Magnum as a luxurious ice cream for people who able to pay for it. Indirectly this magnum advertisement make the class classification of its consumer by its content. People also want to taste the luxurious taste of this advertisement. As the paradigm of consuming ice cream change by the advertisement content itself, people have dream to consume and explore its taste. People in middle-up class can consume the magnum ice cream as much as they want. Because its appropriate with their taste, the specific ingredients which are expensive such as Madagascar caramel and chocolate were mentioned. But for people in middle-down class (income) have to think again to consume this product since the price of this product is more than the price of main food. But it is a common when people want to force their self to buy magnum when the magnum make the dream of consume it.

  • The ice cream increases the people prestige by consume it

Commonly when people using the famous products or expensive product, it will be increase the people’s prestige. By consume the magnum ice cream the prestige is not directly increase but giving impression that people have a good taste of ice cream. The people who consume the expensive food usually increase the prestige of those people. Unilever very serious to put Magnum as a first class product by open the Magnum cafe. This magnum cafe usually located in mall, or famous building in all over the world. In Indonesia the located of this building is in Grand Indonesia Shopping Town.


Barker, Chris. 2011.Culture and Cultural Studies._____.

Burton, Graeme. 1999. Media dan Budaya Populer. Jalasutra: Jogjakarta

Storey, John. 2001.Cultural Theory and Popular Cultural; an Intoduction. Pearson education limited. England

_______. 2013. Magnum Ice Cream Partners with Zac Possen. Accesed on october 26, 2014 on


Pictures are courtesy of youtube. Published on March 13, 2012

The pictures’ sources are from

Tentang kamu dan aku

Pernahkah kamu merindukanku?
Atau pernahkah terlihat kilasan-kilasan masa lalu kita di malammu?
Pernahkah kau melihat kalender yang tergantung di kamarmu
Dan mengingat-ingat tanggal itu?
Mengingat apa yang kita lakukan saat itu, moment itu

Kalau aku,
aku tak pernah tau mengapa air mata kadang turun dengan sendirinya di malam hari
Atau kenapa aku tiba-tiba terperanjat bangun dari tidurku
Seolah-olah ada satu pertanda kehadiranmu, atau jejakmu yang bisa aku tebak
Apa nama dari kesakitan yang kurasakan saat aku mengingat moment bersamamu ini?

Tanpa Putih Abu-abu Lagi


Kita masih belum tau apa yang akan kita hadapi
Karena bila ada sedikit masalah, kita langsung bersama-sama menyelesaikannya
Dan tertawa bersama mengenai hal lucu yang sebenarnya sederhana
Kita terlau santai menghadapi masa depan seolah
Dia akan selalu berbaik hati pada kita yang riang ini
Aku juga suka mengingat pertengkaran-pertengkaran kecil kita
Seperti biasa, awalnya dimulai karena emosi di masa labil kita
Selalu ingin kelihatan paling
Kau mengagumiku
Dan aku mengagumimu
Kau ingin seperti aku, dan aku ingin sepertimu
Wah, betapa kita berdua egois terhadap emosi kita
Yang penting adalah bahagia dan saling melengkapi dimanapun kita berada

Setiap pertengkaran kita adalah perekat persahabatan kita
Setiap petualangan kita adalah pelajaran kita
Sampai ketika kita harus berjalan masing-masing ke masa kedewasaan tanpa ada aku
Dan tanpa ada kau
Tidak ada kata kita
Karena kau merencanakan masa depanmu di sana
Dan aku merencanakan masa depanku di sini
Rindu tapi hangat rasanya ,membayangkan betapa beraninya kita di masa remaja
Dan betapa pengecut dan hati-hatinya kita dimasa dewasa
Walaupun jauh, kau tetap ingat kebiasaanku
Dan aku tetap ingat kelakuan sikap burukmu yang hanya dapat dipahami oleh sedikit orang
Kau bilang berbeda kalau tidak denganku
Namun tahukah kau jika hari ini aku marah padamu, semua itu karena aku sayang padamu
Sahabat bukan hanya masalah sehari bersamamu,dua hari, atau seterusnya
Sahabat adalah bagian dari dirimu yang tidak selalu mendukungmu, kalau dia tau kau salah
Bagian dirimu yang sedih jika kau bersedih
Bagian dirimu yang tertawa ketika kau gembira
Jadi walaupun terpisah jauh, bukankah kita masih dapat saling mengandalkan?
Dunia yang luas ini,
Dunia yang dewasa ini
Aku tidak berani jika berjalan sendiri
Dukung aku, doakan aku

By: Krisnawati Sigiro

Tertawalah di Pulau Bali

Pernah dengar kalimat seperti ini; apa yang kamu tertawakan sekarang akan balik menertawakan kamu nantinya. Kalimat ini terjadi dalam sebuah pengalaman liburan seru yang tidak akan terlupakan oleh saya dan teman-teman.

Perasaan luar biasa kagum saya rasakan di saat menjejakkan kaki di Bali. Bali merupakan Provinsi yang mempunyai gaya hidup dan kebiasaan yang kental dengan kepercayaan agama dari leluhur mereka. Untuk sesaat saya merasa terasing seperti berada di negeri orang ketika melihat para penduduk Bali yang mayoritas Hindu berpakaian tradisional sedang sembahayang dan memberi persembahan kepada leluhur mereka. Ini luar biasa sekali! Itu yang saya serukan di dalam hati ketika melihat budaya mereka yang teguh dan selalu dijunjung tinggi oleh masyarakat Bali. Mungkin karena alasan itulah pengunjung domestik dan mancanegara setuju bahwa Bali merupakan pulau yang tidak pernah bosan untuk dikunjungi.

Kembali ke cerita liburan saya, ketika itu saya dan teman-teman memutuskan untuk melihat sunset di sebuah caffe di Seminyak. Awalnya tempat itu direkomendasikan oleh seorang teman yang berdomisili di Bali. Dan seperti yang sebelumnya saya ungkapkan, tempat ini indah sekali! Saya merasa bahwa Bali adalah tempat matahari untuk berpulang. Bola api yang merah menyala itu benar-benaar menghipnotis saya dan semua pengunjung melihat keelokannya saat akan pulang ke peraduannya. Biar saya jelaskan mengapa ini adalah pemandangan yang luar biasa bagi saya. Saat itu saya duduk di sebuah sofa empuk di pinggir pantai bersama tiga teman saya dengan payung warna-warni diatas kepala kami, hembusan angin sore yang sejuknya mengimbangi panas Pulau Bali, musik yang mempermanis suasana pantai dan lebih dari itu di hadapan saya laut membentang seperti karpet mempertontonkan saat si matahari pulang ke peraduannya dengan anggun dan perlahan. Sungguh ciptaan Tuhan yang sangat mengagumkan!

Walaupun duduk berlama-lama di tempat ini, saya tidak akan bosan. Penyanyi yang tampil di tempat ini benar-benar tau cara menghibur pengunjungnya. Mereka menyanyikan lagu Indonesia maupun mancanegara dan terkadang mengundang pengunjung untuk menyanyi bersama. Kamu akan banyak tertawa di Bali. Melihat pemandangan pantai yang indah, berlari-larian di pinggir pantai, dan melihat matahari terbenam.

Selesai mengunjungi Pantai Seminyak, saya dan teman-teman beranjak menuju ke tempat selanjutnya yaitu Jalan Legian. Jalan legian ini terkenal akan club maupun deretan pertokoannya yang ramai. Ditengah riuhnya candaan orang-orang dari berbagai negara tempat ini pernah memberikan sejarah kelam terhadap keamanan Bangsa Indonesia yang sampai sekarang masih lekat diingatan. Jalan Legian ini pernah mengalami peristiwa terorisme yang lebih dikenal dengan tragedi Bom Bali pada tahun 2002 dan 2005. Saat saya berkunjung ke monumen korban tragedi Bom Bali, ada perasaan haru terhadap korban-korban yang meninggal.

Berjalan mengunjungi setiap pertokoan di antara banyaknya orang dan ramainya jalan menjadi hal yang mengasyikkan. Jalan Legian memang terkenal akan kemacetannya apalagi saat malam hari ketika orang-orang mulai bereksplorasi tentang apa yang Bali sediakan di malam harinya. Sedangkan saya dan teman-teman yang sudah mengitari pertokoan dan berbelanja aksesoris cantik buatan Bali memutuskan untuk duduk mengistirahatkan kaki di sebuah minimarket di Legian. Di sinilah hal lucu terjadi saat saya dan teman-teman duduk di sebuah meja kosong di sebelah para pemuda Bali dan pemuda Asing sedang bercerita tentang topik yang saya tidak mengerti. Saya beranjak untuk membeli mie instan dan menyeduhnya di bagian cashier, kemudian kembali ke meja di mana tiga teman saya berkumpul. Saya melihat mereka tertawa terbahak-bahak. Saya yang tidak mengetahui apa yang mereka tertawakan menjadi penasaran. Meletakkan mie instan di meja, saya bertanya kenapa mereka tertawa begitu kencangnya. Teman saya mengambil nafas sebentar, kemudian menceritakan kejadiannya. Teman saya merupakan seorang gadis keturunan Tionghoa yang cantik, dia mempunyai kebiasaan bertopang dagu ketika memikirkan sesuatu. Nah, saat dia bertopang dagu dia tidak menyadari bahwa lurus dengan tatapannya ada seorang pria tua berkewarganegaraan Asing yang duduk. Pria itu menjadi salah tingah saat merasa ditatap oleh teman saya. Pria tua itu kemudian bangkit dari kursinya kemudian mengeluarkan handphonenya dan memfoto teman saya. Dia yang tidak mengetahui apa-apa merasa kaget, sedangkan dua teman saya tertawa terbahak-bahak. Teman saya menunjuk seorang lelaki tua yang masih berdiri di depan pintu minimarket dan saya melihat seorang pria tua beruban sedang mengerlingkan mata sambil berkata “beautiful” ke arah teman Tionghoa saya. Saya langsung tertawa terbahak-bahak seperti teman saya sebelumnya. Seorang pria warga negara asing yang sudah tua menyukai teman saya yang masih duduk di bangku kuliah! Lucu sekali! Teman saya sempat kesal kepada saya ketika saya terus meledeknya.

Saya mengaduk mie instan yang sudah matang saat kemudian seorang di samping meja saya berkata “hei you”. Ketika merasa yang dipanggil bukan saya, saya masih tetap saja menunduk dan mengaduk mie instan saya, kemudian suara di samping saya berkata lagi “hei you”.

“Mbak teman saya manggil”, seorang pemuda yang merupakan orang Bali berkata dalam Bahasa Indonesia kepada kami berempat.

“you look beautiful, where do you come from? Dia melanjutkan dan bertanya kepada saya yang sedang menggeleng-gelengkan kepala terhadap tingkah pria Bule tersebut.
Saya masih diam namun dia masih tetap berbicara dalam Bahasa Inggris, “Holland? You look beautiful”.

Saya hanya menanggapi dengan tersenyum singkat kemudian bertanya kepada temannya yang merupakan orang Bali “temen kamu mabuk ya?” saya curiga pria tersebut sedang mabuk melihat banyak botolan bir di meja mereka.

Pria asing tersebut bertanya kepada temannya apa yang saya tanyakan. Dan yang membuat saya lebih kaget adalah saat temannya berkata kepada pria asing tersebut “she likes you”. Teman-teman saya tertawa begitupun dengan teman-teman pria asing tersebut. Sedangkan saya hanya melongo mendengar penuturan lelaki Bali tersebut. Dan teman saya ikut menertawakan saya?!

Sampai kemudian hal yang lebih memalukan terjadi ketika dia tiba-tiba melantunkan potongan lagu Bruno Mars. “….cause you’re amazing just the way you are..” teman-temanya tertawa dan bersorak dengan riangnya sambil bertepuk tangan sementara saya menunduk malu karena diamati oleh ibu-ibu berkerudung di belakang kami.

Para lelaki tadi kemudian beranjak pergi, mereka berdiri sambil mendiskusikan ‘next destination’ ke teman-temannya. Mereka keluar melewati kami, sambil lewat si pria bule meniupkan ciuman melalui tangannya dan berkata “bye-bye”. Saya hanya tersenyum masam ketika teman-teman saya tertawa dengan hebatnya. So, inilah dia tertawa dan ditertawakan. Seperti yang sebelumnya saya ucapkan, “kamu akan banyak tertawa di Bali”.

This was captured on January.

This was captured on January.

The Modernity and Culture Called Jogjakarta

“Since when people became too busy and forget about this fact, this event and this moment?”

The train was stopped in Lempuyangan Station. Rain fall hardly when we stepped our feet. Welcome again to Jogjakarta, the City of Art.
Breathe freely without stress. The purpose from this journey is for killing all the boring times and getting the new experience of life. Come to Jogja, feel the mixture of modernity and culture. Alive, breathe, and feels your heart beats. It is amazing. My friend and I were traveling in Jogja for five days. We explore the exotic of Prambanan temple, Ratu Boko temple, Vredeburg castle, Keraton and of course Beringharjo-the traditional market. If you think it is familiar to read the story like that I agree, but here I reveal one side of those, the mixture of happiness, modernity, and ancient called as awareness.

The first place that we visited in Jogja was The Prambanan temple which is making me feels amazing. The place is big, very large, and near from the traditional market, road, and busy activities. Seems strange, like looking a traditional house in modern residence. Unique and you cannot see that view everywhere.
Before entering the Temple you are necessary to using a kind of traditional saroong, the employee will help you to wear the sarong. The building there was beautiful; I enter one by one the temple. There was dark, but I can see the cracks of the temple that make me feel afraid. Even the employee will give us helmet, I still feel afraid of the building condition. How amazing the history of Indonesia, this is a big heritage of Indonesia. Indonesian people should make sure to keep this culture heritage exist. Not only Indonesian people, many tourists from other country come to this temple. I decided to break for a while in the temple stairs and watching people taking photograph with SLR camera or digital camera. I got something interesting in the corner of the temple when an old man sitting to taking a rest. He is using a uniform, hold a camera and I know that he is a photographer of this place. His face look tired, maybe this man confuse because today he just take a little of photo. People are bringing their own camera, so they do not need him to taking photo. I observe this man for several times and still, people do not asking him for taking a picture.jogja1
The development of time not always gives a good impact for every people. There is a particular side which is forgotten because time flies so fast. People choose to capture their moment by their own camera, and the photographers which are paid by their blitz are forgotten.
The Cracks in Prambanan Tempe looks same as the cracks of the time. People just wait for the time when something or someone is forgotten.This awareness came to my mind in that place, stairs of Prambanan Temple, Jogjakarta.

Go traveling does not mean you have to spend much of your money. My friend and I have to calculate everything before bought something. For example before go to Prambanan Temple, we bring our own snack so we do not need to buy something in Temple’s area because it cost expensive.
Enjoying Jogja city atmosphere, see the activity of this ‘city of art’ is a good experience in Jogjakarta. I sit in one of chair in public place, staring to the building, the road and the people. There are several colonial building which is still exist and used as post office and bank. Luckyly, that day rain was not fall and the wind fresh breeze. So, my friend and I can enjoy our time and sit without worrying anything. Traffic in Jogjakarta is heavy, there are many traffic lamps and the timer is so long. I was looking the cars and the motorcycles; they are racing with the time, while I sat in the corner of Jogjakarta and enjoyed the song from the street singer. I was hearing their song, sometimes it is in Indonesian Language or sometimes it is Javanese. The traffic lamp changed to red, the cars were stopped while the people crossed the street. The traffic lamp changed to green, and the cars started to run again. In the crowded, a problem was happened when a delman trying to cross the street. In Jogjakarta delman is used to be a public transportation even in the capital city. It is so funny, two transportation with different fuel and velocity in same road. Modern versus traditional. Which one is will win? And which one will be

Talk about the street artist, you can meet them almost in across the Malioboro Street or in the KM 0 (zero Kilo Meter).    There are street singer, dancer and tattoo artist. I made one temporary tattoo in my left hands, and I like the picture. The combinations of those artists make the atmosphere of Jogjakarta come alive. Since when people became too busy and forget about this fact, this event and this moment? Does every people there realize that the artist want to keep their culture by singing Javanese song and dancing the traditional dance? I will regret if I just come and go traveling to Jogjakarta without knowing the street, the street artist, and the crowded. The heartbeat of Jogjakarta is here, in every corner of the street.